Organic Cotton

Organic agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved.

Certified organic products are those which have been produced, stored, processed, handled and marketed in accordance with precise technical specifications (standards) and certified as "organic" by a certification body.

Sustainability over the long term. Many changes observed in the environment are long term, occurring slowly over time. Organic agriculture considers the medium- and long-term effect of agricultural interventions on the agro-ecosystem. It aims to produce products while establishing an ecological balance to prevent soil fertility or pest problems. Organic agriculture takes a proactive approach as opposed to treating problems after they emerge.


Organic means coming from or related to organic production meaning the use of the production method compliant with the established regulations as EC 834/2007 in EU or USD/NOP in US or JAS in Japan.


Pre-organic (conversion) means the transition from non organic to organic farming within a given period of time, during which the provisions concerning the organic production have been applied. Basically the way to be organic.


Non-organic means coming from conventional production that is not certified according to the organic regulation and/or is grown by using synthetic pesticides and fertilizers.

Genetically modified organisms

The use of GMOs within organic systems is not permitted during any stage of organic production, processing or handling. As the potential impact of GMOs to both the environment and health is not entirely understood, organic agriculture is taking the precautionary approach and choosing to encourage natural biodiversity. The organic label therefore provides an assurance that GMOs have not been used intentionally in the production and processing of the organic products. This is something that cannot be guaranteed in conventional products, as labeling the presence of GMOs in food products has not yet come into force in most countries. On the other hand, the GMO production is prohibited by law in Turkey.

Organic farmers build healthy soil

Organic matter in soil contributes to good soil structure and water-retention capacity. Organic farmers increase organic matter in soil through the use of cover crops, compost, and biologically based soil amendments, producing healthy disease and insect resistant plants. Organic agriculture emphasizes good plant nutrition, which is key to the prevention of plant diseases. Organic farmers use cover crops and sophisticated crop rotations to improve ecological relationships in the field. Organic farmers also rely on diverse populations of soil organisms, beneficial insects, and birds to keep pests under control.





Non-organic (conventional)


Fewer and environmentally friendly pesticides and beneficial insects for biological and cultural practices are used.


25% of all pesticides used agricultural production worldwide are used only for cotton.

Organic farming practices are designed to encourage soil and water conservation and reduce pollution.


Cause pollution and sodification in water and soil.

Harvesting is done by defoilation from freezing temperatures or through the use of water management.


Harvesting is done by defoliation induced with toxic chemicals.

All organic products must be certified according to accredited and recognized regulations (e.g. EC 834/2007, USDA/NOP etc.)


All the non-organic products have the normal quality approval lables on them.

Never uses GMO (genetically modified organism) seeds.


Uses GMO seeds for approximately 70% of US-grown cotton.

Retains water more efficiently thanks to increased organic matter in the soil.


Requires intensive irrigation.

Mechanical, thermal and other physical finishing methods; natural and synthethic inputs that meet the basic requirements as set the organic regulations are allowed


Cotton in conventional textile production is finished with formaldehyde and many other cancer-causing agents.

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